- Antony (Marcus Antonius)
- Roman Consul 44 and 34 BC and Triumvir 43-38 and 37-33 BC.
Mark Antony rose to power as the supporter of Julius *Caesar; he served under him in Gaul, and held the positions of Consul and Triumvir. In 40 BC he married Octavia, the sister of Octavian (later*Augustus), who eventually became his arch enemy.The Hellenistic East came to hold a great attraction for him; at first, he probably hoped that he would gain power, prestige and wealth if he could control it, but eventually he identified himself with it and came to shun Roman traditions. This eastern attraction was ultimately symbolised by his alliance with *Cleopatra, queen of Egypt.He summoned her to meet him in Cilicia, to answer for her conduct of military matters at Philippi, and he perhaps hoped to gain control of Egypt as a client-state of Rome. *Cleopatra arrived for the meeting in a spectacular gilded barge and charmed him with her wit and beauty. They spent time together in Alexandria, and Antony presented the queen with the contents of the library of the kings of Pergamum for the Alexandrian Library. Both probably also saw considerable political advantages in the alliance; the queen provided Antony with money and supplies but she also hoped, as a favoured client of Rome, to restore the fortunes of her dynasty and her country.Octavian (*Augustus) was fearful of Mark Antony's ascendancy in the East, and began to wage a propoganda war against him; the Roman Senate and the people were persuaded that he spent his time in drunken revelry at Cleopatra's Court and were also outraged when, at the Donations of Alexandria, Cleopatra and her children were allocated certain provinces. This propoganda exercise preceded military action when Octavian declared war against Cleopatra and Antony and defeated their troops at the Battle of Actium in 31 BC. Finally, Octavian pursued them to Egypt and, rather than face the humiliation of submitting to him, Cleopatra and Antony committed suicide.There has been much speculation over their personal and political relationship; as shrewd and ambitious rulers, they both undoubtedly hoped to gain from such an alliance.BIBL. Plutarch. Life ofAntonius.Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt by Rosalie and Antony E. David
Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. EdwART. 2011.
Look at other dictionaries:
Marcus Antonius Antyllus — (47 BC – 1 August 30 BC) was known as Marcus Antonius Minor to distinguish him from his famous father, the Roman Triumvir Marc Antony (Marcus Antonius Major). He was also called Antyllus a nickname given to him by his father. Despite his three… … Wikipedia
Marcus Antonius (orator) — Marcus Antonius Orator (died 87 BC) was a Roman politician of the Antonius family and one of the most distinguished Roman orators of his time. He was also the grandfather of the famous general and triumvir, Mark Antony. Career He started his… … Wikipedia
Marcus Antonius (disambiguation) — Marcus Antonius (83–30 BC), was a close associate of Julius Caesar and lover of Cleopatra. Marcus Antonius may also refer to: Marcus Antonius Orator (died 87 BC), consul in 99 BC Marcus Antonius Creticus, elected praetor in 74 BC Marcus Antonius… … Wikipedia
Marcus Antonius Creticus — (flourished 2nd century BC and 1st century BC) was a Roman politician, member of the Antonius family. Creticus was son of Marcus Antonius Orator and by his marriage to Julia Antonia he had three sons: Triumvir Marcus Antonius, Gaius Antonius and… … Wikipedia
Marcus Antonius Orator — (died 87 BC) was a Roman politician of the Antonius family and one of the most distinguished Roman orators of his time. He started his cursus honorum as quaestor in 113 BC and in 102 BC he was elected praetor with proconsular powers for the… … Wikipedia
Marcus Antonius Antimachus — Marcus Antonius Antimachus, also written Mark Antony Antimaco or Marcantonio Antimaco (c. 1473 – 1552), was an Italian who mainly taught and translated Greek. Antimachus was born in Mantua. His father, who was also educated, sent him to Greece… … Wikipedia
Marcus Antonius — Marc Antoine Pour les articles homonymes, voir Antoine, Marcus Antonius Orator et Marc Antoine (chanteur). Marc Antoine Marcus Antonius Marcus Antonius … Wikipédia en Français
Marcus Antonius — noun Roman general under Julius Caesar in the Gallic wars; repudiated his wife for the Egyptian queen Cleopatra; they were defeated by Octavian at Actium (83 30 BC) • Syn: ↑Antony, ↑Anthony, ↑Mark Antony, ↑Mark Anthony, ↑Antonius • Instance… … Useful english dictionary
Antonius Felix — from Guillaume Rouillé s Promptuarii Iconum Insigniorum … Wikipedia
Marcus (name) — Marcus Rowe The god Mars Pronunciation /ˈmɑrkəs/ mar kəs … Wikipedia